Wisdom Teeth Extraction

Wisdom teeth extraction is a surgical procedure performed to remove one or more of the third molars, commonly known as wisdom teeth, located at the back of the mouth. These teeth often emerge during late adolescence or early adulthood and can cause impaction, crowding, infection, or damage to adjacent teeth. At 3D Dental Care, the extraction process involves numbing the area with local anesthesia or administering sedation, followed by the surgical removal of the wisdom teeth through an incision in the gum tissue and sometimes bone. After the procedure, patients may experience some discomfort, swelling, and bleeding, which can be managed with pain medication and proper post-operative care. Wisdom teeth extraction is often recommended to alleviate pain, prevent oral health complications, and preserve overall dental health.

Reason for Wisdom Teeth Extraction

Crowding and Misalignment

One of the most common reasons for wisdom teeth extraction in Alexandria, VA, is crowding and misalignment. When there isn't enough space in the jaw for the wisdom teeth to fully erupt, they may become impacted, meaning they cannot emerge properly. Impacted wisdom teeth can exert pressure on adjacent teeth, causing them to shift out of alignment and crowding or overlapping.


Impaction occurs when wisdom teeth cannot fully erupt through the gum tissue due to obstruction by other teeth, bone, or soft tissue. Impacted wisdom teeth can be partially or wholly trapped beneath the gum line, increasing the risk of infection, inflammation, and discomfort. In severe cases, impacted wisdom teeth can damage nearby teeth or cause cysts or tumors to develop.

Infection and Gum Disease

Wisdom teeth that only partially erupt through the gum tissue create pockets where bacteria and food particles can accumulate, leading to infection and inflammation of the surrounding gums, known as pericoronitis. Additionally, the difficulty in cleaning partially erupted wisdom teeth makes them more susceptible to gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, which can cause irreversible damage to the gums and bone supporting the teeth.

Tooth Decay and Damage

Due to their location at the back of the mouth, wisdom teeth are often challenging to clean correctly, increasing the risk of tooth decay and cavities. Additionally, wisdom teeth that are partially erupted may develop decay or damage due to difficulty in reaching them with a toothbrush or dental floss. Removing problematic wisdom teeth can help prevent the spread of decay to adjacent teeth and preserve overall oral health. Contact us today!

Cyst or Tumor Development

Impacted wisdom teeth have the potential to develop cysts or tumors within the jawbone, which can cause bone destruction, nerve damage, and other serious complications. These growths may be asymptomatic initially but can lead to significant oral health issues if left untreated. Extraction of impacted wisdom teeth is often recommended to prevent cysts or tumor formation and preserve overall oral health.

The Procedure for Wisdom Teeth Extractions

During wisdom teeth extraction, patients can expect a carefully planned surgical procedure performed under local anesthesia or sedation to ensure comfort. The dentist in Alexandria, VA, will make an incision in the gum tissue to access the impacted or partially erupted wisdom tooth. Depending on the tooth's position and condition, it may be divided into sections for easier removal. Once extracted, the surgical site is cleaned, and stitches may be placed to promote healing. After the procedure, patients may experience some swelling, discomfort, and mild bleeding, which can be managed with prescribed pain medication and over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs. Applying ice packs to the cheeks and following a soft diet can help alleviate symptoms.

In the days following wisdom teeth extraction, proper post-operative care is essential to promote healing and minimize discomfort. Patients should gradually introduce solid foods into their diet as tolerated and continue practicing good oral hygiene to prevent infection. It's important to avoid strenuous activities, smoking, and drinking through a straw during the initial recovery period to prevent complications and facilitate healing. Additionally, patients should follow specific instructions the dental professional provides, such as rinsing with saltwater and gently brushing around the extraction site to keep it clean. Regular follow-up appointments with the dentist in Alexandria, VA, will monitor healing progress and address any concerns, ensuring a smooth recovery process.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is wisdom teeth extraction painful?

Wisdom teeth extraction is performed under local anesthesia or sedation to ensure comfort during the procedure. Patients may experience some discomfort and swelling afterward, which can be managed with pain medication and proper post-operative care.

How long does it take to recover from wisdom teeth extraction?

Recovery time from wisdom teeth extraction varies for each individual but typically takes about a week. Patients should follow post-operative instructions from their dentist or oral surgeon to promote healing and minimize complications.

Can I drive myself home after wisdom teeth extraction?

Since wisdom teeth extraction is often performed under sedation or anesthesia, arranging for someone to drive you home after the procedure is recommended. It's essential to avoid driving or operating machinery until the effects of sedation wear off completely.

Dental Terminology


Anesthesia is a substance that medical professionals administer in various forms (gas, injection or pill) that helps patients not feel pain or sensations during surgical operations.

Asymptomatic Wisdom Teeth

Asymptomatic wisdom teeth are wisdom teeth that show no symptoms of irritation, inflammation or overcrowding the mouth that deem extraction.

Cosmetic Dentistry

Cosmetic dentistry is generally used to refer to any dental work that improves the appearance (though not necessarily the function) of a person’s teeth, gums and/or bite.

Cysts – Fluid Filled Sacs

Cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can also contain gas or puss and can occur anywhere on the body, even in or around the mouth/teeth.

Dental Checkup

A dental checkup is an appointment that involves cleaning the teeth, identifying any signs of infection and removing said signs of infection at least once every six months in the office.

Dental Prophylaxis

A dental prophylaxis is a professional and detailed cleaning that involves the removal of plaque, calculus and stains from the teeth.


A dentist, also known as a dental surgeon, is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and conditions of the oral cavity.

Dry Socket

A dry socket can occur after pulling a tooth out and seeing white bone in said socket. Other symptoms of dry socket include bad breath and an unpleasant taste in the mouth.

Oral Surgery

Oral surgery is a type of surgery that focuses on the mouth, jaw, gums or teeth. Oral surgery can repair, enhance or correct multiple issues in the mouth.


Pericoronitis refers to the inflammation of the soft tissue surrounding the crown of a partially-erupted tooth.

Preventive Dentistry

Preventive dentistry is the dentistry that focuses on maintaining oral health in order to prevent the spread of plaque, the formation of tartar and infections in the mouth.

Third Molars

The third molars are also known as the wisdom teeth and typically require removal in order to prevent pain and other issues in the mouth.

Vacuum Formed Mouthguard

A vacuum formed mouthguard involves customizing the mouthguard to match a mold of the individual patient’s teeth for a perfect fit.

Wisdom Teeth Impaction

Wisdom teeth impaction occurs when the wisdom teeth are under the gums enough that an individual cannot reach them with a toothbrush.

Wisdom teeth extraction is a standard dental procedure to address various issues associated with the eruption of third molars. Individuals experiencing discomfort or other symptoms related to wisdom teeth should Visit 3D Dental Care at 6100 Franconia Rd. Suite A, Alexandria, VA 22310, or call (703) 922-8440 to determine the best course of action for their dental needs.


6100 Franconia Rd. Suite A,
Alexandria, VA 22310

Office Hours

MON7:30 am - 4:00 pm

TUE7:30 am - 5:00 pm

WED7:30 am - 7:00 pm

THU7:30 am - 4:00 pm